Apple Inc stores: A timeline
Founded in 1976 in California, we look at how Apple Inc brand has become a worldwide technological phenomenon, with over 450 built stores worldwide. With the launch of the new iPhone 7 and an amassed revenue of $233.715 billion in 2015 alone, we look at the rise of Apple Inc Stores, some of which have won a multitude of architectural awards through their construction.
2001 – the first Apple Stores launch in California and Virginia, featuring the iPod which stores consumers’ audio music, with storage levels ranging from 8GB to 60GB. The product was an instant success and led to several spinoffs, remaining a popular product to this day.
2002 – Apple opens its 50th store in America and begins to increase its focus on expanding their market growth worldwide.
2003 – The first Apple store is launched in Tokyo, Japan
2003 - Apple launches the iTunes Music Store, an online service where users are able download songs for a small fee with no subscription charge.
2004 – Apple opens its first big store in Regent Street, London. 38 more stores are now situated within the United Kingdom.
2004 – iTunes online store launches in Canada, followed by Switzerland, Norway, Sweden and Denmark in 2005.
2005 – Apple dives further into the Canadian market with the construction of new stores. 28 more are now built within Canada. The iTunes online store also launches within Australia.
2006 – The designs of Apple Stores were changed to become more engaging and appealing for consumers. Interactive displays encompassing vital information regarding Apple’s products, in addition to a more practical layout for both consumers and employees, resulting in increased engagement.
Knowledgeable, interactive staff, with inbuilt support desks for consumers who need advice on previously bought products, alongside significant enthusiasm from employees supports Apple’s continuing rise in popularity.
Glass staircases are also now an iconic feature within larger Apple Stores, one of Steve Job's ideas for a more personalised experience for consumers. Some large stores now incorporate glass bridges, which further provide a light, airy, open space, appealing to both visitors and consumers.
2007 – Italy welcomes its first Apple Store, in addition to the launch of Apple’s largest store in Manhattan.
2008 – A new store opens within Boston, Massachusetts. Apple also ventures into the Chinese, German, Swiss and Australian markets with new stores which increase Apple’s revenue further.
Apple’s online iTunes store becomes the biggest music retailer in America.
2009 – New stores open in France.
2010 – Apple turns its attentions to Shanghai, in addition to launching stores in Spain.
2011 – The Grand Central Terminal Apple Store in New York is opened, alongside the launch of the iTunes online store in Brazil and Latin America
2012 – Apple opens stores in the Netherlands.
2013 – Apple opens its first iBook Store in Japan.
2014 – Apple opens stores in Brazil and Turkey
2015 - The first stores in Belgium, Abu Dhabi and Dubai are opened
Apple begins to increase its focus on low-carbon building and manufacturing in China, with finalised solar projects which have ensured all Apple stores within China are carbon neutral.
2016 – Apple has now opened its first store in Macau and Mexico, providing increased revenue and increased market base.
Read the September 2016 issue of Construction Global magazine
The construction industry: Facing a mental health crisis
Data collected by the Office for National Statistics has shown that more than 2,000 construction workers took their own lives in 2017. Other findings from a study conducted by the Glasgow Caledonian University show that the problem is getting worse. From 2017 to 2019, the number of suicides per 100,000 rose from 26 to 29, with people in the construction industry three times more likely to take their own lives in 2019 compared to other industries.
Why is the construction industry experiencing a rise in mental health conditions?
Bill Hill, Chief Executive of the mental health charity Lighthouse Club, says that one reason for the rise in mental health conditions is due to financial pressure. He said that it is a “huge factor” in construction, “causing stress, depression, and anxiety”. He added that several self-employed workers are “brilliant tradespeople but don’t have the education”, which may be helpful in running their business.
“They win a project, someone pays them a big invoice but they don’t put money aside for VAT [and then] the taxman asks for payment so they get finance. It tumbles from there. Sole trader-style business management should be taught at apprenticeship level”, Hill said.
According to Lighthouse Club, the industry is “hugely fragmented” and “difficult to reach over half of the 2.8mn self-employed construction workers. “Some larger companies have done a fantastic job on mental health”, Hill says. “But only apply their programmes and workshops to their own staff. Until you get to the huge mass of very capable tradespeople who are getting no input, one of the biggest problems is awareness”.
How can awareness of mental health be improved in the construction industry?
Chief Executive of the Construction Industry Council, Graham Watts, says that the industry has made positive steps forward on mental wellbeing but that “it is still not doing nearly enough” to support staff in this area.
Looking at how awareness of mental health can be improved in the industry today, Watts said: “Today, I would hope it is easier to be more open about mental health. I’m impressed by the leadership that is being shown by some companies – for example, Tideway, where Chief Executive Andy Mitchell has ‘mental health first aider’ immediately after his email sign-off – but it is still only being exhibited by the best of the best”.
Lighthouse club has also launched a campaign for construction workers to raise more awareness of mental health in the industry. Named “Help Inside the Hard Hat”, the campaign makes all workers aware of the services that Lighthouse Club offers, “regardless of employment status”, the charity says. Lighthouse Club is taking particular care to encourage contractors to put up posters on sites and ensure that they reach all workers, including the self-employed.
The charity also has a free app that allows workers to access mental health information and resources. Lighthouse Club is also improving the availability of information by working with partners such as the Safer Highways charity and Glasgow Caledonian University. But the charity is working on improving the understanding and destigmatisation of mental health in the industry one step at a time. Hill said: “The first thing is suicides,” says Hill. “That is the number one benchmark of all the work we are doing – are we reducing suicides in the industry?”.
If you are a construction worker - or someone you know is and you need support, you can call the Lighthouse Club helpline on 0345 605 1956.