Construction begins on 325m environmental observation tower in Amazon, Brazil
Construction has begun on a 325m observation tower in the Amazon basin from which scientists will monitor climate change.
The Amazon Tall Tower Observatory will house instruments to gather data on greenhouse gases, aerosol particles and weather patterns in one of the world’s largest continuous rain forests.
The tower’s considerable height will make it possible to investigate the alteration and movement of air masses through the forest over several hundred kilometres.
Brazilian and German scientists will use the data to form a greater understanding of sources of greenhouse gases and to answer questions on climate change.
The tower will be built from Brazilian steel that was transported thousands of kilometres from the south to the site, which is located about 160km (100 miles) from the Amazonian city of Manaus.
Speaking to the Max Planck Institute for Chemistry in Mainz website, Jurgen Kesselmeier, Project Coordinator for the German team, said: "The measurement point is widely without direct human influence, and therefore ideal to investigate the meaning of the forest region for the chemistry and physics of the atmosphere.”
The Amazon jungle is one of the world's most sensitive ecosystems, and has a significant influence on the intake and release of carbon into the atmosphere.
The tower will be integrated into an existing structure of smaller observational towers in the region, and, when finished, will complement a similar observatory built in 2006 in Central Siberia.
Apprenticeships can bridge skills gap says Autodesk director
The UK construction industry needs 216,800 new workers by 2025 to meet rising demand, according to the Construction Skills Network published by CITB.
Even before Covid-19, it was estimated it needs to attract 400,000 new recruits each year to meet the UK’s infrastructure needs.
But given one in three current construction employees are over 50 there is predicted to be a 20-25% decline in the available workforce over the next decade. And with end of the free movement of people from the EU, it has further limited access to skilled talent.
Mike Pettinella, Director, Autodesk Construction Solutions EMEA, believes the solution may be one that is hardly new, but might have taken a back seat during the pandemic.
"Apprenticeships could help us bridge the construction skills gap and meet this rapidly rising demand, and attract a new crop of younger talent to the industry," he said.
"Apprenticeships benefit everyone. For candidates, it’s an opportunity to learn valuable skills without incurring thousands of pounds of student debts. For employers, it’s a chance to train up employees in the competencies that are really needed – combining technical knowledge with collaboration and team work, which are equally important as you enter a new industry. And if you’re a larger company and already required to pay the apprenticeship levy, it makes sense to ensure you’re benefitting from the scheme too."
Marshall Construction recently took on nine new apprenticeships covering various roles. "Some of our previous apprentices have left and started their own businesses, which sets them up for life," said Chairman Robert Marshall. "Most of our current managers came from organic growth within the business whom we have trained to our own standards." Firms such as Barnwood Construction and Keepmoat Homes are also advertising and supporting apprenticeships.
According to the CSN, most English regions will experience an increase in construction workers by 2025, with East Midlands (1.7%) and West Midlands (1.4%) forecast to lead demand. Scotland (1.4%) and Wales (0.7%) are also predicted to fare well. The only region forecast to see a slight decline in workforce is the North East (-0.1%).
Major projects such as HS2 are driving growth in some regions and infrastructure (5.2%) and private housing (6.7%) should see the healthiest pace of expansion by 2025.
The impact of the Fourth Industrial Revolution on the future shape of work will be profound. Modelling by the McKinsey Global Institute on the effects of technology adoption on the UK workforce shows that up to 10 million people, or around 30 percent of all UK workers, may need to transition between occupations or skill levels by 2030.