Grimshaw Architects release design plans for $1.4bn Newark airport expansion
The global architecture firm based in London, has revealed plans for the US$1.4bn expansion of the Newark Liberty International Airport, New Jersey.
The airport is set to receive a new terminal with 33 additional gates throughout two floors of the T-shaped building.
The project will cover 90,000sqm of construction land and will introduce more efficient check in systems and security screening processes.
By constructing more efficient methods, the airport aims to meet the increasing volume of passengers travelling through the airport – Terminal A is anticipated to increase passenger volume by 23% in the next five years.
The architecture company was appointed to lead the design of the construction project earlier this month, in partnership with STV.
“We are delighted to have been selected for this landmark opportunity to help transform the passenger experience,” commented Mark Husser, a Partner at Grimshaw Architects.
“Newark has a rich architectural history dominated by the modular concrete structures of the existing terminals.”
“Relating to this context while creating a light, modern, steel and glass building with open sight lines and natural light, the new Terminal 1 will be a world-class gateway serving an ambassadorial role for the New Jersey and New York region and establish a new trajectory for the future.”
University of Dresden constructs carbon concrete building
The Technical University of Dresden, in partnership with German architecture firm Henn, is constructing the first building to be made out of concrete and carbon fibre, rather than traditional steel.
The combination of materials, known as, “carbon concrete” has the same structural strength as its steel-reinforced alternative but less concrete is used, according to researchers at the university.
The building, called “The Cube” is currently under construction at the University of Dresden’s campus in Germany, and is believed to be the first carbon concrete building in the world. Strengthening the concrete, the carbon fibre yarns are used to create a mesh into which the concrete is then poured.
Unlike steel, the mesh is rust-proof meaning that the lifespan of carbon concrete is longer than that of the more typical steel-reinforced concrete. This also allows the layers to be much thinner than steel.
The design and shape of The Cube
According to the companies, the flexibility of carbon fibre allows the walls to fold up and become a roof. In a statement talking about the building’s design elements, Hen said: “The design of The Cube reinterprets the fluid, textile nature of carbon fibres by seamlessly merging the ceiling and walls in a single form, suggesting a future architecture in which environmentally conscious design is paired with formal freedom and a radical rethinking of essential architectural elements.
"The wall and ceiling are no longer separate components but functionally merge into one another as an organic continuum.” Displayed as a showpiece for TU Dresden’s major project, backed by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research, The Cube aims to explore the potential uses of carbon concrete in construction.
"Carbon concrete could contribute to more flexible and resource-saving construction processes, and switching to carbon concrete could reduce the CO2 emissions from construction by up to 50%," Henn said in a statement.
Bio-based carbon fibre under development to reduce carbon footprint
While carbon fibre may be lighter and stronger than steel, it has a much higher carbon footprint. Describing the material’s impact on the environment, Dr Erik Frank, Senior Carbon Scientist at the German Institute of Textile and Fibre Research Denkendorf (DITF), said it is “usually very bad.” To reduce the carbon footprint, Frank is finding ways to make carbon fibre out of lignin, a common plant-based substance found in the paper manufacturing industry.